Le CRIC organise 3 panels sur les pratiques autonomes des mouvements sociaux lors du 24e Congrès de l’Association internationale de science politique (AISP), La politique dans un monde d’inégalités, qui aura lieu du 23 au 28 juillet 2016, à Poznan, en Pologne.
Social Movements and Practices of Autonomy: Contemporary Challenges
Panel 1 – Contemporary challenges
Panel 2 – Relations to spaces
Panel 3 – Women’s Contribution
From local economic initiatives such as systems of local exchanges and eco-villages, to experiences of transformative justice, social housing, food sovereignty or environmental and climate justice, autonomous practices can be understood as subversive alternatives to the state’s and market’s capacities to address growing economic and social inequalities. Even if they generally develop in a zone of informality, these initiatives are no longer marginal: North American and West European societies have witnessed a growth of autonomous experiences since the turn of the new millennium and Southern societies have been at the heart of renewed autonomous activism, notably through experiences such as the broad Via Campesina or Zapatistas networks.
A reflection on the practices of autonomy as undertaken today by social movements is therefore a fertile analytical task. Having in common a commitment for self-determination and selforganization, such initiatives move away from a claims-based approach to politics, rather engaging with concrete experimentations of social change. They open spaces where a diversity of social relations of power is questioned and where multiple institutional sources of domination are confronted, fostering new identities and communities. For one thing, these initiatives question the legitimacy of state intervention in a context of weak and weaker States -both in the North and the South- and, more generally, the relationship of social actors to institutional or conventional politics in different political systems. On another hand, these initiatives confront more routinized modes of protest in the collective action repertoire, such as demonstrations or petitions. From these various standpoints, they are good entry points to understand recent political and social transformations.
What forms do autonomous practices take and how are they embedded in local and national contexts? How do they develop in relation to existing state and market structures, to other institutions, such as political parties, family, school or church? Have recent events such as economic crisis or the ecological impass impacted practices of autonomy by social movements? Are practices of autonomy as developed by women activists distinct from other experiences of autonomy? Three panels will explore the dynamics of autonomous practices (emergence, continuity and effects) in various regions of the world and at different scales through both empirical and theoretical contributions.